Sigma 24-105mm f/4 DG OS HSM | A ("Art") (Canon EOS) - Review / Test Report - Analysis
Lens Reviews - Canon EOS (Full Format)

Distortion

The distortion characteristic is average for a lens in this class. At the critical wide end (24mm) it produces a very high albeit not extreme barrel distortion of 3.7%. At 40mm it already switches to a visible pincushion distortion (1%) which increases towards 70/105mm (~1.7%). To be fair, this is comparable to the behavior of the Canon EF 24-105mm f/4 USM L IS.

Move the mouse cursor over the focal length text marks below to observe the respective distortion
24mm 40mm 70mm 105mm

Vignetting

This is a lens test based on a full format sensor and wide to standard zoom lenses tend to have difficulties in terms of vignetting. The Sigma 24-105mm f/4 DG OS is no exception to the rule here. At 24mm we can observe a light falloff of ~2EV (f-stops). It remains very pronounced at f/5.6 and it's still fairly high at f/8 and f/11 (0.9EV). The issue is reduced at 40mm but increases again towards the long end (1.8EV at f/4) where the effect is usually more critical and also more disturbing regarding the usual usage patterns here. Given the immense size of the front element this is also a bit disappointing.

MTF (resolution)

The Sigma lens produced decent resolution figures in the MTF lab. The center performance is excellent if not stunning at large to medium aperture settings. However, the borders/corners can't quite follow here. In the lower range the borders are very good and the corners can still reach good to very good results. It is worth to note that at 24mm, there's also a rather sharp drop just beyond our corner reading point. In the upper zoom range the center quality is slightly reduced but the general characteristic remains intact here. The field curvature is not an issue beyond the wide end.

The centering quality of the tested sample was Okay albeit not perfect.

Below is a simplified summary of the formal findings. The chart shows line widths per picture height (LW/PH) which can be taken as a measure for sharpness. If you want to know more about the MTF50 figures you may check out the corresponding Imatest Explanations

Chromatic Aberrations (CAs)

Lateral chromatic aberrations (color shadows at harsh contrast transitions) are comparatively moderate with a peak of 1.6px at 24mm f/4. The CA decrease when stopping down and they aren't quite as pronounced in the medium to upper focal length range.

Bokeh

Normally we don't formally test the bokeh quality of "slow" lenses such as the Sigma 24-105mm f/4 DG HSM OS | A but given its professional nature, this is relevant for many customers.

Out-of-focus highlights show a near-circular shape at large aperture settings but the inner zone of these "discs" is slightly busy/nervous and there's a bit of an outlining effect. The circular shape remains mostly intact till about f/8 (tested at 105mm). As usual you have to live with a very pronounced deterioration of the disc shape (cat's eyes) towards the image borders/corners - this is a vignetting effect that can be improved by stopping down.

The quality of the blur in the focus transition zone is very good for a standard zoom lens. It's smooth in the background and just slightly more nervous in the less critical foreground.

Bokeh Fringing / Longitudinal Chromatic Aberrations (LoCA)

Bokeh fringing isn't really a substantial issue in slow speed lenses anymore. The Sigma 24-105mm f/4 DG HSM OS | A shows very marginal traces at f/4 but they are gone at f/5.6.

Please note that this test also reveals a focus shift upon stopping down - the focus hot-spot moves to the background.

Move the mouse cursor over the f-stop marks below to observe the respective LoCAs
f/4 f/5.6 f/8




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